Solid-matrix catalysts called heterogeneous catalysts are among the most widespread industrial applications in reducing toxic gases, unburned fuel, and particulate matter in the exhaust stream from the combustion chamber. They are also used in energy, chemical, and pharmaceutical sectors, i.e., production of biodiesel, polymers, biomass/waste conversion into valuable products, and many others processes. All thanks to their active sites and high surface. Nevertheless, their high efficiency is limited by the astronomic price of noble metals, So, cost-effective substitutes with comparable effectivity seem to be a holy grail for the industry.
In addition to the popular GPS, other systems like the European Galileo are also used to determine the position. The cooperation of many global navigation systems is the subject of numerous scientific studies. The precision of measurements translates into the correct operation of navigation for vehicles or drones, applications for athletes, smart watches, and the coordination of public transport.
Because of free spaces in their structure, porous materials can absorb air and water pollutants, store and convert energy, act as catalyst carriers and find applications in biomedicine. Scientists are now working on improving methods of obtaining highly porous materials, including ball milling.
Although they are already used in modern photonic products on the market, metamaterials are still a huge area for research and scientific discovery. The most interesting applications of metamaterials are lenses free of typical defects (aberrations), anti-radar coatings and miniature antennas. The Military University of Technology is among centres that are developing methods for obtaining artificially created metamaterial structures.
Programmable logic devices are used in data processing centres, quantum computers, computer networks and 5G. Dr. Paweł Kwiatkowski from the Military University of Technology has developed a converter that converts a digital value into very precise time intervals, and at the same time makes it possible to save the logical resources of a programmable logic device.
An innovative method of measuring exhaust emissions is based on a random selection of measurement sections. It is an alternative to the currently used approval procedures. The new method makes it possible to individualise the test for different vehicle types. Such measurement excludes misuse leading to obtaining results that do not reflect the actual emission of toxic components to the atmosphere.
“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic” (Arthur C. Clarke). Researchers are working on a shape-shifting robotic material able to transform into any object or machine. Strong like solids and transformable like fluids, will T-1000 terminators knock on our doors soon?