Persistent feeling of being a terrible parent, a sense of alienation, 'stigma' - this is how parents of children with autism spectrum disorders often think of themselves. Anna Pyszkowska, a psychologist from the University of Silesia, adds that stereotypes strongly affect such self-stigma.
Despite activities promoting rational antibiotic therapy, the consumption of antibiotics and bacterial resistance are continuing to increase in Poland, with twice as many antibiotics used per capita than in Sweden or the Netherlands, says Professor Katarzyna Dzierżanowska-Fangrat, national consultant in the field of medical microbiology.
Determining the genetic structure of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its mutations is a labour-intensive and tedious process, says Sylwia Krzętowska, head of the Epidemiological and Clinical Research Laboratory in Olsztyn. The nanopore sequencer (a device for sequencing nucleic acids) in Olsztyn analyses samples from four provinces.