Press the button to produce any of the thousands of organic chemical compounds, e.g. drugs, from easily available ingredients in a few moments? Why not? Another step in this direction has become possible with peculiar cooperation of artificial intelligence (Polish program) with robots that run chemical reactions.
All chemical elements were formed in the process of the evolution of the Universe dominated by light atomic nuclei. The knowledge of light atomic nuclei has just been expanded thanks to accelerator studies conducted in Kraków on the specific excited states of carbon-13 nuclei.
Until now, a certain quantum phenomenon has only been observed in complex experiments, in extremely cold pairs of alkaline metals. Now, for the first time, it has been shown also in a solid - in a common semiconductor, copper oxide, one of the ingredients of a mineral called cuprite.
A Polish team has shown how, by measuring the vibrations of molecules, it is possible to determine the spatial orientation of the molecules and prepare an unprecedentedly accurate 3D map of almost any material. This can be useful in work on new materials, electronic devices, and even in cancer therapy.
X-ray laser pulses can be used to study the structure of matter with unprecedented accuracy, but the pulses destroy the sample. Physicists from the Polish-Japanese team believe that with sufficiently short laser pulses, it will be possible to view an undisturbed structure of matter. They have demonstrated that atoms of certain crystal react to an avalanche of photons with a delay.