Motor Transport Institute: Automation in transport will improve road safety
Automation of transport will improve road safety, says Director of the Motor Transport Institute Prof. Marcin Ślęzak. In cooperation with the Ministry of Infrastructure and Warsaw University of Technology, the institute prepares guidelines for the principles of building infrastructure for autonomous vehicles.
The Ministry of Infrastructure in cooperation with the Motor Transport Institute and the Faculty of Transport of the Warsaw University of Technology is working on the project AV-PL-ROAD "Poland`s road to road transport automation ". The research project will prepare guidelines for preparing legal regulations for the introduction of autonomous (driverless - PAP) cars in Poland.
The results of this project will include recommendations for offices, institutions and road authorities regarding the implementation of autonomous vehicles in Poland. A catalogue of international good practices in the creation of regulations enabling the approval of such vehicles as well as adapted road infrastructure will also be created.
Director of the Motor Transport Institute Prof. Marcin Ślęzak notes in an interview with PAP that automation will change the functioning of the current transport model and socio-economic processes, in relation to both the transport industry and ensuring the mobility of society.
"Imagine that your car drives you to work, and then does not park in front of the office, but instead earns for you as a taxi while you work. This is no longer futurology, but the coming reality" - says Prof. Marcin Ślęzak.
He adds that "the dynamic development of technological innovations behind the forthcoming Fourth Industrial Revolution requires thoughtful action in many areas". One of those changes will be a change in the rules of road transport, both individual and collective, and the transport of goods.
"This will result in significant socio-economic changes, whose skilful modelling will allow the Polish economy to gain a competitive advantage in the production of innovative CAD (Connected Autonomous Driving - PAP) products and services" - he says.
The project leader, Transport Strategy Director at the Ministry of Infrastructure Adrian Mazur, points out that the planned activities will be supported by acquiring knowledge necessary for shaping development policies and strategies. This will allow, among other things, to control the implementation process of automated and autonomous vehicles in Polish conditions. According to the ministry, these activities will also enable providing support to Polish enterprises and the activation of social capital, including people with disabilities and the excluded, as well as changes in insurance law.
"I hope that our project will be an effective tool for implementing transport innovations in Poland. The industrial revolution, in which we currently live, will last maybe only a few more years and then we will wake up in a completely new reality. It is up to us how well we prepare for it and whether mobility 4.0 will become a fact also in Poland" - Mazur notes.
The creators of the project emphasize that in order to actively participate in the implementation of developed solutions, transport companies will have to prepare for digitisation in transport.
"The development of CAD technology is very dynamic. As part of the project, we are currently analysing the technical issues of automation to provide decision-makers with the current knowledge of what is happening in the world" - says Prof. Włodzimierz Choromański from the Faculty of Transport of the Warsaw University of Technology.
According to the Motor Transport Institute, the introduction of a new transport model, including autonomous vehicles, will improve road safety, primarily by reducing the number and effects of road collisions and accidents, which will bring billions in savings on payment of damages.
"Eliminating the effects of driver fatigue, supporting driver`s decisions in emergency situations, communication between vehicles - these tools should significantly improve road traffic safety and efficiency" - notes Prof. Ślęzak from the Motor Transport Institute.
He adds that automation will also reduce congestion by using digital maps and information on free parking spaces. According to the Motor Transport Institute, vehicles looking for a parking space generate about 30 percent traffic in cities.
The project AV-PL-ROAD started in December 2018. Its objective is to prepare Poland for the challenges related to the safe introduction of automated and, in the future, autonomous vehicles in road traffic. The program includes the creation of the CAD Competence Centre. By building knowledge base, the Motor Transport Institute develops competences and invests in research equipment for testing autonomous technologies.
The project will include tests of selected automation systems and tests of vehicles on a closed test circuit and on selected sections of road infrastructure in Poland. Social research on awareness and knowledge about vehicle at various levels of automation will also be carried out. A catalogue of needs, barriers and guidelines will be created for the purposes of training highly qualified technical and managerial staff.
The main result of the program will be the Road Rap for Introducing CAD Vehicles, which will contain directions for the development of automation in Poland.
The AV-PL-ROAD project is co-financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under the Gospostrateg agreement.
PAP - Nauka w Polsce, Marcin Chomiuk
mchom/ je/ kap/