A better understanding of the links between the processes that shape drought and human activity is the goal of the Polish-Chinese research project, of which its leader Prof. Renata Romanowicz from the Institute of Geophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences talks to PAP.
Researchers, including a team at the Jagiellonian University, have managed to build a nanometer-sized protein cage, in which fragments of proteins are coordinated with gold ions. Researchers obtained a "mathematically impossible" solid - an almost regular Archimedean polyhedron. The solution published in Nature can be used, for example, to deliver drugs to cells.
Conflicts between humans and large species of animals such as elk or wolf do happen, but they are not dramatic and we know how to mitigate them, says Prof. Rafał Kowalczyk, director of the Mammal Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Białowieża. He adds that the wolf has important functions in the ecosystem and is an ally of man.
Despite their small sizes, insects sometimes cover considerable distances, but their migration routes are difficult to monitor. Polish scientists have a way to do it. They identify the DNA of plants that, for example, butterflies transport on their bodies, and on this basis they track the routes of their long journeys.
Rotifers, nematodes and tardigrades are invertebrates, in which suspension or extreme slowdown of the aging process occurs in the state of anhydrobiosis, that is, life activity reduction due to the lack of water. Understanding their life strategies can be crucial for medicine, biotechnology or astrobiology, researchers say.
Butterflies, spiders and scorpions from almost 100 million years ago can be found in Burmese amber, exceptionally rich in inclusions. Trapped in amber, they look alive. Although they can not be used to obtain prehistoric species` DNA, they has become a window to the world of the Cretaceous period.
What happens in the brains of mice that get infected with emotions? And what about mice, in which this mechanism does not work? Dr. Ksenia Meyza searches for neural networks responsible for empathy in the brains. Research in this area helps to better understand autism and panic.
Some plants that are considered bee-friendly may negatively affect the development of these insect`s larvae. The plants that produce pollen unsuitable for wild bees include lavender, poppy, sunflower, oilseed rape and maize, according to the research of Dr. Michał Filipiak from the Jagiellonian University.
Will the zoologists from Łódź discover new species of invertebrates in the Philippine tropics? A group of experts from the Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection of the University of Lodz is preparing for the first expedition to the Philippines. Their targets include insects, arachnids and molluscs.