In autumn and spring, at least 130 species of birds migrate over the territory of Lebanon, including storks, pelicans and birds of prey. It is a paradise for observers, says Dr. Ireneusz Kaługa from the EcoLogical Group. In his opinion, the development of nature tourism in the region may support bird protection.
The population of cave bears decreased drastically 40,000 years ago, when people were spreading in Europe. It is possible that our ancestors - for example by settling in caves - contributed to the extinction of these animals, suggests research conducted, among others, by Polish researchers.
Spread across millions of hectares, Siberian peat bogs have been strenuously storing carbon for thousands of years, absorbing CO2 from the air. But because of global warming, instead of accumulating carbon dioxide, these areas begin to quickly release greenhouse gases - not just because of fires.
Heat waves are killing many people today, and the number of victims will increase significantly with global warming, says climatologist Prof. Zbigniew Kundzewicz. On the example of cities in Poland and China, the scientist shows how heat waves are reflected in death statistics.
B. salamandrivorans, a fungus that threatens salamanders in Europe, has been discovered on the border of the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. Biologists from Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia tested more than 1000 tailed amphibians from 6 European countries and found a new outbreak in Spain. Tested amphibians from Poland turned out to be healthy.
300 butterflies of the Apollo species from the Karkonosze National Park breeding have been released in the Kruczy Kamień Reserve in the Krucze Mountains. The project to rebuild this species, which went completely extinct in the Sudetes in the nineteenth century, will continue for 10 more years.
After the retreat of the glacier in Europe, the European bison`s diet changed. These animals moved to the forests from the more convenient open areas. The reason was not only a change in vegetation, but also human pressure. The aurochs did not adapt so well to these changes, researchers from Białowieża show.