Fly ash generated during coal combustion harms people and the environment, also by intensifying the phenomenon of smog. Researchers from Kraków, Lublin and Warsaw want to process this waste into valuable functional materials, useful for the preservation of monuments, sewage treatment or soil fertilization.
An innovative cell culture system can improve drug testing and disease models. Dr. Emilia Witkowska Nery proposes to grow cells directly on a three-dimensional substrate with electrodes. She is working on sensors that will provide information directly from the culture; they will signal whether the drug substance is working or not.
By 2020, scientists from the AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków will build a supercomputer together with European partners. According to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, it will be 10 times faster than the fastest computer currently operating in Europe.
The future of computer science are quantum computers, which may allow to perform many tasks better, faster and cheaper, says Adam Glos, a PhD student at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Informatics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Gliwice, who is working on such solutions.
Recycling of batteries - and the recovery of valuable rare earth metals from them - may become a Polish specialty within the framework of the EU battery project, says Jan Filip Staniłko, director in the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology. He emphasises that this is a global niche that will develop over time.
How were the people in Poland changing over the centuries, from the early Middle Ages to the 19th century? Did the Slavs migrate to our territories, or are they indigenous? The 3D scanning project and digital access to skulls, skeletons and DNA from human remains from central Poland is expected to help answer these questions.