Piano wire has a strength of two gigapascals. The chemical bond between carbon atoms in a molecule is 200 times stronger. We have learned to obtain extremely plastic polymers from such macromolecules; we have shown that it is possible to obtain nanofibers stronger than steel, says Prof. Andrzej Gałęski, laureate of the 2018 FNP Prize.
Electrostatic interactions can cause micro-objects in the liquid to start to form stable pairs, show theoretical analyses carried out at the Institute of Fundamental Technological Research PAS. If this new phenomenon can be confirmed in experiments, it may be useful, for example, in water purification or drug production.
Growing bacterial resistance to commonly used antibiotics causes more and more problems in the treatment of, for example, Helicobacter pylori infections that cause gastric and duodenal ulcers and stomach cancer. According to specialists, only symptomatic infections, confirmed with diagnostic methods, should be treated with antibiotics.
Some ichthyosaurs - the great predatory marine reptiles that lived in the times of the dinosaurs - had their snouts constantly open. That is how they exhaled the air collected inhaled when they emerged, determined palaeobiologists from the Polish Academy of Sciences. Until now, the breathing of these animals was a scientific mystery.
Professor Ryszard Tadeusiewicz, Dr. Aleksandra Ziembińska-Buczyńska, Dariusz Aksamit, Koło Miłośników Języka Papillon (Language Enthusiasts Club Papillon), Centrum Nowoczesności Młyn Wiedzy (Modernity Centre "Mill of Knowledge") and Paulina Łopatniuk are the winners of the Popularizer of Science 2018 competition organized by PAP - Science in Poland and the Ministry of Science.