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Polish archaeologists in the worlds forefront of explorers in Egypt and Sudan

26.01.2010 History&Culture, Scientists

Three in eleven published articles in the 13th edition of the prestigious monthly "British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan" (BMSAES) were written by Polish archaeologists from a few national research centers.
The editorial staff of this periodical chose the articles out of 40 lectures presented during the Third International Colloquium on Predynastic and Early dynastic Egypt, that took place summer 2008, at the British Museum in London.

The Polish scientists who got to publish their studies in the BMSAES are: Dr. Anna Wodzińska from the Warsaw University’s Institute of Archaeology, Prof. Krzysztof M. Ciałowicz from the Jagiellonian University’s Institute of Archaeology and Prof. Michał Kobusiewicz (with co-authors) from the Poznań branch of PAN’s (Polish Academy of Sciences) Institute of Archaelogy and Ethnology.

Dr Anna Wodzińska presented results of her analysis of pottery signs, that she performed on ceramics that were discovered in a pyramid builder settlement in Giza, and in an administrative complex in Buto, that lies in Nile’s central delta. The ceramics come from around the 1st half of the 3 millennium B.C. The pottery signs still leave clues for archaeologists, and there meanings are vastly discussed. Maybe they presented the content of the vessel, its amount or its destiny. Normally the signs would be basic symbols, carved into shapes of parallel lines or curves. Dr. Wodzińska says, that most of the discovered ceramics served to bake bread.

Prof. Krzysztof M. Ciałowicz presents in his article the role of an religious and administrative center from over 4500 years ago, that was located in Tell el-Farcha in the northeastern delta of the Nile. The Polish mission discovered a unique deposit made of a few dozen hippopotamus ivory figures. They were found in a ceramic jug, that was covered by a bowl. There are 10 figures, that present dwarfs, this is the largest discovery of this type of figure in Egypt. Besides this, there are many figures, that present men, women, children and imaginary characters. Amongst the men, there is a character dressed in a gown, according to Prof. Ciałowicz, this could be one of the first figures presenting a Pharoah during the heb-sed jubilee.

Also Prof. Kobusiewicz published his article in BMSAES. His co-authors are: Dr. Jacek Kabaciński, Prof. Romuald Schild, Prof. Joel Irish and Prof. Fred Wendorg. The scientists presented burial rites of people from the end of the neolith era who inhabited the area of Gebel Ramlah in the Western Desert. The archaeological expedition was part of the Combined Prehistoric Expedition. This initiative has lasted 45 years and enlists experts from many disciplines such as anthropology, geology, biology and even astronomy.

"British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan" (BMSAES) is a scholarly periodical, that is dedicated to all aspects of ancient Egypt and Sudan. The articles, that are published in it don’t have to be connected with the British Museum. Scientists can publish many color illustrations and multimedia presentations, as BMSAES is published for free and only in the internet in a pdf, format kiem naukowym, The periodical has beem irregularly published since 2002. For mor information check: http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/online_journals/bmsaes.aspx

PAP – Science and Scholarship in Poland, Szymon Zdziebłowski, tr. ajb

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