Physicists from the University of Lodz are the only team from Poland that participates in an international n_TOF research project at CERN. The objective of the project is to develop a safer way to produce nuclear energy, says the university spokesperson Paweł Śpiechowicz.
A new method of separation of dextrorotatory and levorotary chiral molecules (molecules that are mirror images of each other) has been developed by an international group of scientists, including researchers from the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The results of their research have been published in Science.
An international team of scientists, including Polish researchers, has presented a new model of rapid quark-gluon plasma hydrodynamic expansion. This is the first description to take into account that the particles creating the plasma carry spin, that is, quantum rotation.
Non-locality, Einstein’s „spooky action at a distance”, has already been observed between quantum objects separated by more than one kilometer. This achievement is not a surprise – recent years have seen a major advancement in the quest for non-local systems. In their „Physical Review Letters” publication, researchers from the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw present a novel and versatile method for creating and detecting such correlations in a many-body system of ultra-cold atoms.
Researchers at the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw have developed a new cosmological model of the evolution of the Universe, in which rapid expansion of dark matter and dark energy plays a key role. The model predicts that we should soon register the original gravitational waves created in the first moments after the Big Bang.
Depending on the lighting, the surface of appropriately crafted nanoparticles can change its topography. Researchers from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences have shown that the molecular mechanism they have designed makes it possible, by the use of light, to effectively uncover or hide catalyst molecules. The technique they present leads to qualitatively new possibilities to control the course of chemical reactions.
There is no doubt: the immediate future of photovoltaics will be decided by materials from the perovskite group. An improved version of a perovskite, containing in the crystal structure a relatively large organic ion, a guanidinium cation, has been developed by chemists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Faculty of Chemistry of Warsaw University of Technology. Laboratory tests at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne have shown that photovoltaic cells made of the new perovskite work more efficiently than the cells prepared using its original form.