Hunters and gatherers lived there over a dozen thousand years ago, and 3,000 years ago farmers moved in. They were attracted by a nearby flint source. Now archaeologists are exploring the Perspektywiczna Cave in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland (Małopolska).
The rocket Turbulencja built by students of the AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków took second place in one of the categories of the Intercollegiate Rocket Engineering Competition (IREC) in the U.S. The AGH UST team was the first team from Poland to compete in IREC.