European ash is dying throughout Europe, and so far there is no rescue. A fungus, probably brought from Japan, is to blame. It has been discovered by a Polish researcher, Prof. Tadeusz Kowalski from the University of Agriculture in Kraków. For years he has conducted research to solve the problem.
European researchers have taken strawberries, raspberries and black currants under the microscope. They investigate the physiological processes that determine the size and quality of these popular fruits. All this so that the fruits can be cultivated even in difficult climatic conditions in Europe.
Solar radiation and toxic substances, to which we are constantly exposed, sometimes make DNA in cells break. Fortunately, cells are equipped with proteins that tirelessly patch up torn DNA strands. Through research, including studies of Polish researchers, we know more about the work of these cellular seamstresses.
Who would have thought that a mussel's life could be so dangerous? And yet it is! It turns out that life of river mussels - large freshwater molluscs - is not boring at all - says biologist Dr. Aleksandra Skawina from the University of Warsaw.
Molecular motors in cells of animals and plants work with amazing efficiency. Researchers from Kraków looked at this and found ... a protein "waiting room". Thanks to it, in a certain section of the respiratory chain energy is not wasted, even during downtime.
In a carefully designed polymer, researchers at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences have imprinted a sequence of a single strand of DNA. The resulting negative remained chemically active and was capable of binding the appropriate nucleobases forming a genetic code. The polymer matrix - the first of its type in history - thus functioned exactly like a sequence of real DNA.
Development of technology to generate genetically modified plants (GMOs) was an accidental result of ... research into galls that occur, for example, on trees. Prof. Danuta Maria Antosiewicz speaks about how scientists know how to genetically modify plants.
Wastewater, wartime bombs, mines and chemical weapons have made the Baltic one of the most polluted seas in the world. To combat the pollution, we can take advantage of robotic and satellite technologies, which is the goal of at the Baltic Challenge platform.
Quinoa, amaranth, chickpeas are an excellent sources of vegetable protein, still underestimated in Europe. Consumption of animal protein still dominates on the Old Continent. Scientists want to change this by increasing European plant protein production by 25 percent.
The innovative system for watching the behaviour of mice - Eco-HAB - has been developed by scientists at the Nencki Institute. The system, built of elements imitating burrows connected by underground corridors, will allow to determine, for example, if any pairs of rodents avoid each other, or follow one another, and how much time they spend with each other.